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2019年4月自考英语一真题和答案解析

发布时间:2019-08-23 整编:湖南自考网 阅读量:

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2019年4月自考英语一真题和答案解析分割线
2019年4月高等教育自学考试全国统一命题考试
 
 
一、第一部分:阅读判断(第1~10题,每题1分,共10分)
下面的短文后列出了10个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子作出判:如果该句提供的是正确信息,选择A:如果该句提供的是错误信息,选择B;如果该句的信息文中没有提及,选择C。在答题卡相应位置上将答案选项涂黑。
The Power of a parent 

Tom is a young man being raised on the poor streets of Los Angles by his father. Frank Smith. He becomes friends with his neighbors Ricky and Doughboy. The three young men take different paths in life, due in large part to the parenting they receive
 
tom is the only one of the three with a father to guide him. He sometimes hates his father's discipline, but Frank explains that he is trying to teach Tom how to be responsible. I does not want him to be like his little friends across the street Frank also fills ToIm's mind and heart with messages about how to be a leader and how much he is loved. Tom becomes a strong young man who is able to resist the bad influence around him.

Ricky receives words of support and love from his mother, which helps raise his self-respect. He also looks to Frank and Tom for guidance and direction. Living in a single-parent family, he has never received this from his father. Doughboy, on the other hand is told by his single mother from an early age that he will never achieve anything.Their mothers'words come true. The two boys grow up to be the type of person predicted by their mothers. Ricky becomes a star football player while Doughboy struggles aimlessly through life. The lesson from the story is clear: A parent's attitude towards his or her children can ake all the difference
1. Tom grows up in a poor neighborhood
A. True
B.False
C Not Gi
 
2. The three boys'parents are very good friends
A. True
B.False
C Not Given
 
3. Tom likes the rules his father sets for him
A. True
B.False
C Not Given
 
4. Tom' s father does not show much love to him
A. True
B.False
C Not Given
5. Ricky loses his father at an early age
A. True
B.False
C Not Given
 
6. Ricky and Doughboy both live in a single-mother family
A. True
B. False
C Not given
 
7. Ricky seeks advice from Tom and Frank.
A. True
B. False
C. Not Given
 
8. Doughboy' s mother always encourages him
A. True
B. False
C. Not given
 
9. Ricky turns out to be the type of person his mother expects
A. True
B. False
C. Not Given
 
10. Doughboy becomes a successful person
A. True
B.False
C Not Given
 
第二部分:阅读选择(第11-15题,每题2分,共10分)
阅读下面短文,请从短文后所给各题的4个选项(A、B、C、D)中选出1个最佳选项,并在答题卡相应位置上将该项涂黑。
Back, but Not home
 
I was born in Cuba but came to the United States with my parents when I was almost five years old. We left behind grandparents, aunts and uncles. I grew up in a middle-class neighborhood in New York. All my friends were American. Outside of my family, I do not know many Cubans. I often feel uneasy visiting relatives in Miami because it is such a different world. The way of life in the Cuban communities of Miami seems very strange to me And I am criticized for being too"Americanized. "Yet,although I am now an American citizen,whenever anyone asks me my nationality, I have always and firmly replied, Cuban When I try to review my life during the past 16 years, I almost feel as if Ive walked into a theater right in the middle of a movie. And I'm afraid I won't fully understand or enjoy the rest of the movie unless I can see and understand the beginning. And for me, the beginning is Cuba. I don't want to go"home"again; the life and home we all left behind are long gone My home is here and I am happy. But I need to talk to my family still in Cuba Like all immigrants, my family and I have had to build a new life from almost nothing. It was often difficult, but I believe the struggle made us strong. Most of my memories are good
But i want to keep and renew my cultural tradition. I want to keep "a Cuban"within me alive. I want to make a visit to Cuba someday because the journey back will also mean a journey within my souL. Only then will I see the missing piece
11. My relatives in Miami criticize me because
A. they feel uneasy with my strange behavior
B. I lead a middle-class life while they are poor
C. they find that I am more American than Cuban
D. i have left behind my family members in Cuba

12.I cannot enjoy my life to the fullest  unless I
A. watch the movie about my family
B. have a clear idea about my nationality
C. reflect on my life experiences
D. truly understand my origin

13. According to Paragraph 2, I do not want to
A.return to live in Cuba
B. visit my relatives in Miami
C get back to my home in New York
D live in the Cuban communities in the

 
14. The hardship we have had in the us
A. makes us disappointed
B. gives us bad memories
C.makes us homesick
D. gives us confidence in Ii
 
15."The missing piece"in the last sentence means
A. the family left behind in Cuba
B. the Cuban cultural tradition
C the journey back to Cuba
D. the Cuban immigrants
 
第三部分:概括段落大意和补全句子(第16~25题,每题1分,共10分)
阅读下面短文,请完成短文后的2项测试任务:(1)从第16~20题后所给的6个选项中为第①~6段每段选择1个正确的小标题;(2)从第21~25题后所给的6个选项中选择5个正确选项,分别完成每个句子。在答题卡相应位置上将答案选项涂黑。
Reduce Differences in Dealing with People
 
(1) What makes some people so easy to get along with and others so difficult? We think that conflict(+ e) in a relationship happens when the focus is on the differences, rather than on the similarities. Think "United we stand, divided we can' t stand each other.
 
(2) So bringing down differences is important to dealing with people you cannot stand Success in communication depends on finding common ground, and then trying to lead the communication toward a new outcome.
 
(3) An important communication skill will help you get along with others: blending Blending"refers to behavior by which you reduce the differences between yourself and another person. This skill is not new, of course; it is part of normal human contact. In fact you already use it, to some extent
 
(4) You can blend with people in many ways. You may blend by changing your facial expression or degree of body movement to match that of the other person. You may also blend by trying to match the style and speed of the other persons speech. And you may even blend with people by matching their ideas.

(5)When people feel you' ve listened to them and you understand them, that's the result of blending It's natural to blend with people you like or with people you share a goal with It'also natural not to blend with difficult people, but the result is serious. Without blending, the differences between you become the basis for conflict
Task1
16.Paragraph  1                 A. Results of blending and not blending
17.Paragraph  2                 B. New outcome after blending
18.Paragraph  3                 D. Definition of blendi
19. Paragraph 4                 E. Reducing differences
20. Paragraph 5                 F. Reason for conflicts
 
 
21. People cannot stand each other when they
23. The skill of blending is often used in
24. When blending with others, people can choose to
25. If you do not blend with others, you may 
 
A. similar conflicts
B. human relations
C. focus on the differentces
D. suffer bad consequences
E. the seeking of common ground
F. match the speech style of others
 
第四部分:填句补文(第26~30题,每题2分,共10分)
下面的短文有5处空白,短文后有6个句子,其中5个取自短文,请根据短文内容将其分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章原貌,并在答题卡相应位置上将答秦选项涂黑
Water: How Much Should You Drink Each Day?
How much water should you drink each day?  26  tudies have produced different recommendations over the years. Although no single formula(Ac7)fits everyone, knowingmore about your body's need for fluids will help you estimate how much water to drink each day.

Water is your bodys main chemical element. 27 Every system in your body epends on water. For example, water carries nutrients(营养成份) to your cells, and provides a good environment for ear, nose and throat. Lack of water can lead to serious problems 

Every day you lose water. For your body to work properly, you must meet its wate needs. So how much fluid does the average, healthy adult living in a moderate climate need? Studies show an adequate intake(iX)for men is about 13 cups a day.28

 
Everyone has heard the advice, "Drink eight glasses of water a day. "29 However it remains popular because it's easy to remember. Just keep in mind that the rule should be changed to: "Drink eight glasses of fluid a day, "because all fluids add up to the daily total 

You don' t need to rely only on what you drink to meet your fluid needs. 30 On average, food provides about 20 percent of total water intake. But water is still your best choice since it is inexpensive and is every
A. For women, it is about nine cups
B. What you eat also provides fluid
C. This rule isn' t supported by hard evidence
D. It's a simple question with no easy answers
E. You must limit your fluid intake on this occasi
F. It makes up about 60 percent of your body weight

第五部分:填词补文(第31~40题,每题1.5分,共15分)
下面的短文有10处空白,短文后列出12个词,其中10个取自短文,请根据短文内容将其分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章原貌,并在答题卡相应位置上将答案选项涂黑
Phoenicians(腓尼基人)
The Phoenicians were a water-loving people. Their ships were 31, compared with any lifeboats on modern ships. Yet they could 32 out into the open sea.
 
The Phoenician ships 33 wood, wine and tin to Egypt In return, the Phoenicians ot gold and fine handicrafts(手工艺品). They traded these products to other-34 for glasswork and spices(1*+) And with each trade, the Phoenicians made a 35
 
But the Phoenicians’36 contribution was their alphabet(字母) They used a different symbol for each sound, rather than for each word. So instead of 37 hundreds of symbols, the Phoenician alphabet had_38 twenty-two. The Phoenicians took thei simpler_39 of writing to other lands. Most of today's alphabets are 40 on the Phoenician idea of using a letter for each sound or group of sounds. Although the Phoenicians are gone their contribution lasts

A. greatest                           B.based                            C. sail                                 D. profit
E. carried                             F.peoples                          G.small                               H. clearly
I. having                              J. working                          K.way                                  L.only

第六部分:完形补文(第41~50题,每题1.5分,共15分)
下面的短文有10处空白,每处空白后的括号内有一个词,请根据短文内容将其正确的形式填入文中,以恢复文章原貌,并将答案写在答题卡相应的位置上
communication
 
People can improve the quality of their lives(life) and their relationships with good communication skills. But, if one person cannot send the right message to another, there may be an-41(argue). Because of problems in communication, a 42_(marry)may get into trouble. What about the business world? If communication 43(go)wrong, there can be all kinds of problems, from loss of sales to the 44( fail)of companies

So what is 45(effect) communication ? You may wonder. To put it_46(simple), it means that a receiver gets the exact message from the sender. In other 47(word), if you tell someone your phone number and they get it correctly, you have_ 48( succeed). If, however, you give your phone number but the other person-49(get)wrong, then there is a problem. It can be the sender's fault or the receiver's fault Or maybe both. Such type of wrong_50(understand)is called barrier in communication

第七部分:短文写作(第51题,30分)
请根据所提供材料中的要求完成一篇80词左右的英文写作任务。将你的答案写在答题卡相应的位置上。某英文报社正在举办“ Sports and Health”的征文活动。请你写一篇英文短文应征,
内容包括:

你爱好的体育运动是什么
●体育运动对你的健康有什么好处

参考答案:
1-5ACBBC
6-10AABAB
11-15CDADB
16-20FEDCA
21-25CEBFD
26-30DFACB
31-35GCEFD
36-40AILKB
41.argument
42.marriage
43.goes
44.failure
45.effective
46.simply
47.words
48.succeeded
49.gets
50.understanding

51.范文 略

 
 
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